"Veni, vidi, vici" (; ; "I came, I saw, I conquered.") is a Latin sentence phrase which reportedly extends from a letter Julius Caesar wrote to the Roman Senate after achieving victory in his short war against Pharnaces II of Pontus in the city of Zela around 46 B.C. (currently known as Zile, in Turkey). At this point, he had control of the known Roman world. The phrase refers to a swift, conclusive victory. Veni, vidi, and vici are first person perfect forms of the three Latin verbs venire, videre, and vincere which mean "to come", "to see", and "to conquer" respectively.