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Definition of Upanishad

Babylon English

one of a class of Vedic treatises written in Sanskrit which explain the philosophy introduced in the Veda
Upanishad Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries
hEnglish - advanced version

n : later sacred texts of hinduism dealing with broad philosophical questions [syn: upanishad]

WordNet 2.0

1. a later sacred text of Hinduism of a mystical nature dealing with metaphysical questions; "the Vedanta philosophy developed from the pantheistic views of the Upanishads"
(hypernym) sacred text, sacred writing, religious writing, religious text
Upanishad Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia
The Upanishads (; singular: , IAST: , ; plural: ) are a collection of Vedic texts which contain the earliest emergence of some of the central religious concepts of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. They are also known as Vedanta ("the end of the Veda"). They are regarded as the source of Vedanta and Samkhya philosophies. The Upanishads are considered by Hindus to contain revealed truths (Sruti) concerning the nature of ultimate reality (brahman) and describing the character and form of human salvation (moksha). The Upanishads are found mostly in the concluding part of the Brahmanas and Aranyakas and have been passed down in oral tradition.

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Upanishad Definition from Religion & Spirituality Dictionaries & Glossaries
Upanishad (Sanskrit) [from upa according to + ni down + the verbal root sad to sit] Following or according to the teachings which were received when sitting down; esoteric doctrine. "Literary works in which the rahasya -- a Sanskrit word meaning esoteric doctrine or mystery -- is imbodied. The Upanishads belong to the Vedic cycle and are regarded by orthodox Brahmans as a portion of the Sruti or 'Revelation.' It was from these wonderful quasi-esoteric and very mystical works that was later developed the highly philosophical and profound system called the Vedanta" (OG 179).
The Upanishads belong to the third division of the Vedas and are appended to the Brahmanas. The number of Upanishads hitherto known is about 170, though probably only a score are now complete without evident marks of excision or interpolation. These Upanishads belong to different periods of antiquity, some being of a much later date than others. Although the Upanishads are usually considered by modern scholars to be as a whole of later date than the Brahmanas, the original Upanishads were composed in an antiquity which anteceded that of the Brahmanas, and are probably coeval with the composition of the Vedas themselves.
"The Upanishads must be far more ancient than the days of Buddhism, as they show no preference for, nor do they uphold, the superiority of the Brahmans as a caste. On the contrary, it is the (now) second caste, the Kshatriya, or warrior class, who are exalted in the oldest of them.
to be continue "Upanishad2 "
Literally, ‘to sit close by and listen’; ancient Vedic texts, conveyed by sages and seers containing their experiences and teachings on the ultimate reality.