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Definition of Synthesis

Babylon English

combining of separate elements into a complete whole; formation of a compound through the combination of simpler components (Chemistry); deductive logic
Synthesis Definition from Arts & Humanities Dictionaries & Glossaries
JM Latin-English Dictionary
N F
|set of dining clothes; dressing-gown; costume (Cal)
Theological and Philosophical Biography and Dictionary
See Thesis-antithesis-synthesis
Glossary of Kant's Technical Terms
integration of two opposing representations into one new representation, with a view towards constructing a new level of the object's reality. Philosophy as Critique employs synthesis more than analysis. On the operation of synthesis in the first Critique, see imagination. (Cf. analysis.)
Kant Glossary
[A77/B103] An action necessary for experience, involving the combination of intuitions (from the faculty of sensibility), concepts (from the faculty of understanding) through an act of judgment (from the faculty of judgment). Referring to a manifold of "received representations of objects", i.e. a manifold of intuitions, Kant writes "if this manifold is to be known, the spontaneity of our thought [i.e., the faculty of understanding] requires that it be gone through in a certain way, taken up, and connected. This act I name synthesis". Again: "By synthesis, in its most general sense, I understand the act of putting different representations together, and of grasping what is manifold in them in one act of knowledge. Such a synthesis is pure, if the manifold is not empirical but is given a priori, as is the manifold of space and time [i.e., as forms of sensibility]". [A78/B103] Kant distinguishes "synthesis in general", which is "the mere result of the power of imagination..a blind but indispensable function of the soul" and synthesis involving concepts, which takes place through the understanding, "to bring synthesis to concepts is a function which belongs to the understanding, and it is through this function of this understanding that we first obtain knowledge properly so called". First, the "synthesis in general" synthesizes together intuitions, synthesizes the manifold of pure intuition. It is this "pure synthesis of intuitions", and not the "raw" given intuitions, which "we bring to concepts" for further synthesis. The synthesis of the manifold of intuition is by the imagination; its result, the pure synthesis of intuitions, which is synthesized together in the understanding; it is the product of this synthesis--of the manifold of pure intuitions "brought to concepts"--of which we are conscious when we have experience. The manifold is "brought to concepts" through two acts of synthesis: first it is synthesized, in the understanding, with the pure concepts of the understanding (the categories), and then, through an act of judgment, it is synthesized with empirical concepts. Somewhere in this process of synthesis of the manifold of intuition the synthesis of the unity of apperception is brought into play; most likely, this is not an separate synthesis, but part of either the pure synthesis of intuitions by the imagination or (more likely, because the unity of apperception is characterized as an act of spontaneity, in which case it is an act of the understanding) the pure synthesis with the categories. (In Kant's considered view, judgment really isn't a third function, but is part of the understanding: the understanding synthesizes--combines intuitions according to a rule--through acts of judgment.)
The categories are crucial to "giving unity" to the manifold of intuition after it has been acted upon by the imagination in the pure synthesis of intuitions. Namely, they give an "a priori synthetic unity" through a pure synthesis of the understanding. After the categories are thus applied, and the manifold of intuition is ordered in this "a priori synthetic unity", the manifold now meets the conditions necessary to be acted upon by the faculty of judgment. Finally, the manifold as it is now (i.e., after the pure synthesis of the imagination and the pure synthesis of the understanding) is synthesized empirically, with empirical concepts, through an act of judgment. In experience we are conscious of this triply-synthesized manifold. (In the Deduction in B, at B130, Kant says that all synthesis takes place through the understanding, including the pure synthesis of the manifold of intuition. The unity of apperception is the a priori synthetic unity after application of the categories.)
Synthesis Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
(n.)
The combination of separate elements of thought into a whole, as of simple into complex conceptions, species into genera, individual propositions into systems; -- the opposite of analysis.
  
(n.)
The art or process of making a compound by putting the ingredients together, as contrasted with analysis; thus, water is made by synthesis from hydrogen and oxygen; hence, specifically, the building up of complex compounds by special reactions, whereby their component radicals are so grouped that the resulting substances are identical in every respect with the natural articles when such occur; thus, artificial alcohol, urea, indigo blue, alizarin, etc., are made by synthesis.
  
(n.)
Composition, or the putting of two or more things together, as in compounding medicines.
  
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About
hEnglish - advanced version

synthesis
\syn"the*sis\ (?), n.; pl. syntheses (#). [l., a mixture, properly, a putting together, gr. &?;, fr. &?; to place or put together; sy`n with + &?; to place. see thesis.]
1. composition, or the putting of two or more things together, as in compounding medicines.
2. (chem.) the art or process of making a compound by putting the ingredients together, as contrasted with analysis; thus, water is made by synthesis from hydrogen and oxygen; hence, specifically, the building up of complex compounds by special reactions, whereby their component radicals are so grouped that the resulting substances are identical in every respect with the natural articles when such occur; thus, artificial alcohol, urea, indigo blue, alizarin, etc., are made by synthesis.
3. (logic) the combination of separate elements of thought into a whole, as of simple into complex conceptions, species into genera, individual propositions into systems; -- the opposite of analysis. analysis and synthesis, though commonly treated as two different methods, are, if properly understood, only the two necessary parts of the same method. each is the relative and correlative of the other. w. hamilton.
synthesis
n
1. the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds)
2. the combination of ideas into a complex whole [syn: synthetic thinking ]
[ant: analysis]

3. reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect) [syn: deduction, deductive reasoning]




  similar words(3) 



 mental synthesis 
 speech synthesis 
 wavetable synthesis 
JM Welsh <=> English Dictionary
Cyfosodiad = n. a synthesis
WordNet 2.0

Noun
1. the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds)
(hypernym) chemical process, chemical change, chemical action
(hyponym) biosynthesis, biogenesis
(derivation) synthesize, synthesise
2. the combination of ideas into a complex whole
(synonym) synthetic thinking
(antonym) analysis, analytic thinking
(hypernym) reasoning, logical thinking, abstract thought
(derivation) synthesize, synthesise
3. reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)
(synonym) deduction, deductive reasoning
(hypernym) reasoning, logical thinking, abstract thought
(hyponym) syllogism
(derivation) synthesize, synthesise
Synthesis Definition from Government Dictionaries & Glossaries
DOD Dictionary of Military Terms
In intelligence usage, the examining and combining of processed information with other information and intelligence for final interpretation.
  
Source: U.S. Department of Defense, Joint Doctrine Division. ( About )
Synthesis Definition from Science & Technology Dictionaries & Glossaries
General Chemistry Glossary
Compare with decomposition .Formation of a complex product from simpler reactants. For example, water can be synthesized from oxygen and hydrogen gas: H2(g) + ½ O2(g) H2O(). A substance manufactured by chemical synthesis is called synthetic.
Synthesis Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia
In general, the noun synthesis (from the ancient Greek , σύν "with" and θέσις "placing") refers to a combination of two or more entities that together form something new; alternately, it refers to the creating of something by artificial means. The corresponding verb, to synthesize (or synthesise), means to make or form a synthesis.

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Synthesis Definition from Entertainment & Music Dictionaries & Glossaries
English to Federation-Standard Golic Vulcan
fereikan
Synthesis Definition from Medicine Dictionaries & Glossaries
Hepatitis Central (TM) Liver Disease Medical Glossary
Formation of a new compound by putting together simpler compounds or elements
Glossary of HIV/AIDS-Related Terms
1. In chemistry, the formation of a compound from simpler compounds or elements. 2. The production of a substance (e.g., as in protein synthesis) by the union of chemical elements, groups, or simpler compounds, or by the degradation (i.e., breaking down) of a complex compound.
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