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Definition of Sympathy

Babylon English Dictionary

affinity, understanding; compassion, pity, concern, commiseration, empathy; approval
Sympathy Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
(n.)
The reciprocal influence exercised by the various organs or parts of the body on one another, as manifested in the transmission of a disease by unknown means from one organ to another quite remote, or in the influence exerted by a diseased condition of one part on another part or organ, as in the vomiting produced by a tumor of the brain.
  
(n.)
That relation which exists between different persons by which one of them produces in the others a state or condition like that of himself. This is shown in the tendency to yawn which a person often feels on seeing another yawn, or the strong inclination to become hysteric experienced by many women on seeing another person suffering with hysteria.
  
(n.)
Similarity of function, use office, or the like.
  
(n.)
Kindness of feeling toward one who suffers; pity; commiseration; compassion.
  
(n.)
Feeling corresponding to that which another feels; the quality of being affected by the affection of another, with feelings correspondent in kind, if not in degree; fellow-feeling.
  
(n.)
An agreement of affections or inclinations, or a conformity of natural temperament, which causes persons to be pleased, or in accord, with one another; as, there is perfect sympathy between them.
  
(n.)
A tendency of inanimate things to unite, or to act on each other; as, the sympathy between the loadstone and iron.
  
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About
hEnglish - advanced version

sympathy
\sym"pa*thy\, n. (physiol. & med.) (a) the reciprocal influence exercised by organs or parts on one another, as shown in the effects of a diseased condition of one part on another part or organ, as in the vomiting produced by a tumor of the brain. (b) the influence of a certain psychological state in one person in producing a like state in another.
sympathy
\sym"pa*thy\ (?), n.; pl. sympathies (#). [f. sympathie, l. sympathia, gr. &?;; sy`n with + &?; suffering, passion, fr. &?;, &?;, to suffer. see syn-, and pathos.]
1. feeling corresponding to that which another feels; the quality of being affected by the affection of another, with feelings correspondent in kind, if not in degree; fellow-feeling. they saw, but other sight instead -- a crowd of ugly serpents! horror on them fell, and horrid sympathy.
2. an agreement of affections or inclinations, or a conformity of natural temperament, which causes persons to be pleased, or in accord, with one another; as, there is perfect sympathy between them.
3. kindness of feeling toward one who suffers; pity; commiseration; compassion. i value myself upon sympathy, i hate and despise myself for envy. --kames.
4. (physiol.) (a) the reciprocal influence exercised by the various organs or parts of the body on one another, as manifested in the transmission of a disease by unknown means from one organ to another quite remote, or in the influence exerted by a diseased condition of one part on another part or organ, as in the vomiting produced by a tumor of the brain. (b) that relation which exists between different persons by which one of them produces in the others a state or condition like that of himself. this is shown in the tendency to yawn which a person often feels on seeing another yawn, or the strong inclination to become hysteric experienced by many women on seeing another person suffering with hysteria.
5. a tendency of inanimate things to unite, or to act on each other; as, the sympathy between the loadstone and iron. [r.]
6. similarity of function, use office, or the like. the adverb has most sympathy with the verb.


  similar words(2) 



 without sympathy 
 with sympathy 
JM Welsh <=> English Dictionary
Cydoddef = n. sympathy
Cydymdeimlad = n. mutual sympathy
WordNet 2.0

Noun
1. an inclination to support or be loyal to or to agree with an opinion; "his sympathies were always with the underdog"; "I knew I could count on his understanding"
(synonym) understanding
(hypernym) inclination, disposition, tendency
(derivation) sympathize, sympathise, empathize, empathise, understand
2. sharing the feelings of others (especially feelings of sorrow or anguish)
(synonym) fellow feeling
(hypernym) feeling
(hyponym) concern
(derivation) commiserate, sympathize, sympathise
3. a relation of affinity or harmony between people; whatever affects one correspondingly affects the other; "the two of them were in close sympathy"
(hypernym) affinity, kinship
(hyponym) mutual understanding, mutual affection
(derivation) sympathize, sympathise
Sympathy Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia
Sympathy is the perception, understanding, and reaction to the distress or need of another human being. This empathic concern is driven by a switch in viewpoint, from a personal perspective to the perspective of another group or individual who is in need. Empathy and sympathy are often used interchangeably. Sympathy is a feeling, but the two terms have distinct origins and meanings. Empathy refers to the understanding and sharing of a specific emotional state with another person. Sympathy does not require the sharing of the same emotional state. Instead, sympathy is a concern for the well-being of another. Although sympathy may begin with empathizing with the same emotion another person is feeling, sympathy can be extended to other emotional states.

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Sympathy Definition from Medicine Dictionaries & Glossaries
A Basic Guide to ASL
The middle fingertip of the open right hand touches the chest over the heart. The same open hand then moves in a small, clockwise circle before the right shoulder, with palm facing forward and fingers pointing up.