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Definition of Surcharge

Babylon English

add an additional cost to; overcharge; overburden
additional amount added to the usual price; excessively high price; overly heavy load or burden
Surcharge Definition from Arts & Humanities Dictionaries & Glossaries
Glossary of Stamp Collecting Terms
An overprint which revalues a stamp either up or down.
Surcharge Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
(v. t.)
To show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given.
  
(v. t.)
To overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as a common, than the person has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain. Blackstone.
  
(v. t.)
To overload; to overburden; to overmatch; to overcharge; as, to surcharge a beast or a ship; to surcharge a cannon.
  
(n.)
The showing an omission, as in an account, for which credit ought to have been given.
  
(n.)
The putting, by a commoner, of more beasts on the common than he has a right to.
  
(n.)
An overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can well be borne.
  
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About
hEnglish - advanced version

surcharge
\sur*charge"\, v. t. to print or write a surcharge on (a postage stamp).
surcharge
\sur*charge"\, n. [f.]
1. (railroads) a charge over the usual or legal rates.
2. something printed or written on a postage stamp to give it a new legal effect, as a new valuation, a place, a date, etc.; also (colloq.), a stamp with a surcharge.
surcharge
\sur*charge"\ (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. surcharged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. surcharging (?).] [f. surcharger. see sur-, and charge, and cf. overcharge, supercharge, supercargo.] 1. to overload; to overburden; to overmatch; to overcharge; as, to surcharge a beast or a ship; to surcharge a cannon. four charged two, and two surcharged one. your head reclined, as hiding grief from view, droops like a rose surcharged with morning dew.
2. (law) (a) to overstock; especially, to put more cattle into, as a common, than the person has a right to do, or more than the herbage will sustain. blackstone. (b) (equity) to show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given. daniel.
surcharge
\sur*charge"\, n. [f.] 1. an overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can well be borne. a numerous nobility causeth poverty and inconvenience in a state, for it is surcharge of expense.
2. (law) (a) the putting, by a commoner, of more beasts on the common than he has a right to. (b) (equity) the showing an omission, as in an account, for which credit ought to have been given.
surcharge
n : an additional charge (as for items previously omitted or as a penalty for failure to exercise common caution or common skill) v
1. charge an extra fee, as for a special service
2. rip off; ask an unreasonable price [syn: overcharge, soak, gazump, fleece, plume, pluck, rob, hook]
[ant: undercharge]

3. fill to capacity with people; "the air raids had surcharged the emergency wards"
4. print a new denomination on a stamp or a banknote
5. fill to an excessive degree; "the air was surcharged with tension"
6. place too much a load on [syn: overload, overcharge]


7. show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given

for Vocabulary Exams of KPDS, YDS,UDS (in Turkey); and SAT in America
An additional amount charged.
WordNet 2.0

Noun
1. an additional charge (as for items previously omitted or as a penalty for failure to exercise common caution or common skill)
(hypernym) charge
(hyponym) single supplement

Verb
1. charge an extra fee, as for a special service
(hypernym) charge, bill
2. rip off; ask an unreasonable price
(synonym) overcharge, soak, gazump, fleece, plume, pluck, rob, hook
(hypernym) cheat, rip off, chisel
(hyponym) extort, squeeze, rack, gouge, wring
(entail) charge, bill
3. fill to capacity with people; "The air raids had surcharged the emergency wards"
(hypernym) overcrowd
4. print a new denomination on a stamp or a banknote
(hypernym) overprint, print over
5. fill to an excessive degree; "The air was surcharged with tension"
(hypernym) fill, fill up, make full
6. place too much a load on; "don't overload the car"
(synonym) overload, overcharge
(hypernym) load, lade, laden, load up
7. show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given
(hypernym) show
Surcharge Definition from Business & Finance Dictionaries & Glossaries
2K Group Shipping, Trade, Insurance Dictionary
An extra or additional charge.
Shipping Glossary
An extra or additional charge.
Campbell R. Harvey's Hypertextual Finance Glossary
An additional charge added on to some charge.
Copyright © 2000, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.
Raynet Business & Marketing Glossary
charge added on top of another charge.
Copyright © 2001, Ray Wright
Surcharge Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia
A surcharge may mean:
  • an extra fee added onto another fee or charge
    • fuel surcharge, sky freight charges which represents additions due to jet fuel prices.
    • bunker adjustment factor, sea freight charges which represents additions due to oil prices.
    • surcharge (payment systems) charged when paying with cheque, credit, charge or debit card
  • an overprint that affects the value of a postage stamp
  • a surcharge (sanction) against a public servant who has abused public funds
  • any loading from above the soil line upon earth being supported by a retaining wall
  • Surtax, extra tax levied upon tax

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Surcharge Definition from Law Dictionaries & Glossaries
The 'Lectric Law Library
chancery practice. When a bill is filed to open an account stated, liberty is sometimes given to the plaintiff to surcharge and falsify such account. That is, to examine not only errors of fact, but errors of law.

"These terms, 'surcharge,' and 'falsify,'" says Mr. Justice Story, "have a distinct sense in the vocabulary of courts of equity, a little removed from that, which they bear in the ordinary language of common life. In the language of common life, we understand `surcharge' to import an overcharge in quantity, or price, or degree, beyond what is just and reasonable. In this sense, it is nearly equivalent to 'falsify;' for every item, which is not truly charged, as it should be, is false; and by establishing such overcharge it is falsified. But, in the sense of courts of equity, these words are used in contradistinction to each other. A surcharge is appropriately applied to the balance of the whole account; and supposes credits to be omitted, which ought to be allowed. A falsification applies to some item in the debets; and supposes, that the item is wholly false, or in some part erroneous. This distinction is taken notice of by Lord Hardwicke; and the words used by him are so clear, that they supersede all necessity for farther commentary. 'Upon a liberty to the plaintiff to surcharge, and falsify,' says he, 'the onus probandi is always on the party having that liberty; for the court takes it as a stated account, and establishes it. But, if any of the parties can show an omission, for which credit ought to be, that is, a surcharge, or if anything is inserted, that is a wrong charge, he is at liberty to show it, aud that is a falsification. But that must be by proof on his side. And that makes a great difference between the general cases of an open account, and were only [leave] to surcharge and falsify; for such must be made out."
   

This entry contains material from Bouvier's Legal Dictionary, a work published in the 1850's.
Courtesy of the 'Lectric Law Library.
Surcharge Definition from Sports Dictionaries & Glossaries
maritime&shipping&trade
An extra or additional charge.