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Definition of Sufism

Babylon English

mystical Islamic movement based on the belief that union with God is possible only through intense and impassioned worship
Sufism Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
(n.)
A refined mysticism among certain classes of Mohammedans, particularly in Persia, who hold to a kind of pantheism and practice extreme asceticism in their lives.
  
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About
WordNet 2.0

Noun
1. Islamic mysticism
(hypernym) mysticism, religious mysticism
Sufism Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia
Sufism (or ; ) is a branch of Islam, defined by adherents as the inner, mystical dimension of Islam; others contend that it is a perennial philosophy of existence that pre-dates religion, the expression of which flowered within Islam. Its essence has also been expressed via other religions and metareligious phenomena. A practitioner of this tradition is generally known as a . They belong to different ṭuruq or "orders"congregations formed around a masterwhich meet for spiritual sessions (majalis), in meeting places known as zawiyahs, khanqahs, or tekke. Sufi orders (turuq) may trace many of their original precepts from the Islamic Prophet Muhammad through his cousin and son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib, with the notable exception of the Naqshbandi who trace their origins through the first Caliph, Abu Bakr. Prominent orders include Ba 'Alawiyya, Chishti, Rifa'i, Khalwati, Mevlevi, Naqshbandi, Nimatullahi, Oveyssi, Qadiria Boutshishia, Qadiriyyah, Qalandariyya, Sarwari Qadiri, Shadhiliyya and Suhrawardiyya.

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Sufism Definition from Religion & Spirituality Dictionaries & Glossaries
Official Islam Glossary for Introduction to Religion
Sufism is a term that designates Islam's mystical and ascetic movements. A Sufi is one who practices Sufism. Sufis attempt to go beyond the restrictions of a "typical" moslem life and to seek Allah in more intimate ways. They strive to break down the barriers between themselves and Allah by replacing their human characteristics with divine ones. In many ways, this is similar to the Buddhist's attempts to reach enlightenment (the realization that all is one). Since Allah is one himself, the attempt to reach him can become the realization of the oneness of all things. Sufis focus on three kinds of mysticism to accomplish this: love mysticism (see Rabia ), ecstatic mysticism, and intuitive mysticism (see Smith, pp. 259-261). There has always been a tension between Sufism and classical Islam because many of the beliefs, actions, and statement of Sufism appear heretical to non-Sufis.