1. the people who inhabit a territory or state; "the population seemed to be well fed and clothed"
(hyponym) home front
(derivation) dwell, shack, reside, live, inhabit, people, populate, domicile, domiciliate
2. a group of organisms of the same species populating a given area; "they hired hunters to keep down the deer population"
(hypernym) group, grouping
(hyponym) overpopulation, overspill
3. (statistics) the entire aggregation of items from which samples can be drawn; "it is an estimate of the mean of the population"
(hypernym) collection, aggregation, accumulation, assemblage
4. the number of inhabitants (either the total number or the number of a particular race or class) in a given place (country or city etc.); "people come and go, but the population of this town has remained approximately constant for the past decade"; "the African-American population of Salt Lake City has been increasing"
(hypernym) integer, whole number
5. the act of populating (causing to live in a place); "he deplored the population of colonies with convicted criminals"
(hypernym) colonization, colonisation, settlement
(derivation) people, populate