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Definition of Pentecost

Babylon English

Christian festival celebrated on the seventh Sunday after Easter
Pentecost Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)
(n.)
A solemn festival of the Jews; -- so called because celebrated on the fiftieth day (seven weeks) after the second day of the Passover (which fell on the sixteenth of the Jewish month Nisan); -- hence called, also, the Feast of Weeks. At this festival an offering of the first fruits of the harvest was made. By the Jews it was generally regarded as commemorative of the gift of the law on the fiftieth day after the departure from Egypt.
  
(n.)
A festival of the Roman Catholic and other churches in commemoration of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the apostles; which occurred on the day of Pentecost; -- called also Whitsunday.
  
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About
hEnglish - advanced version

pentecost
\pen"te*cost\ (?), n. [l. pentecoste, gr. &?; (sc. &?;) the fiftieth day, pentecost, fr. &?; fiftieth, fr. &?; fifty, fr. &?; five. see five, and cf. pingster.]
1. a solemn festival of the jews; -- so called because celebrated on the fiftieth day (seven weeks) after the second day of the passover (which fell on the sixteenth of the jewish month nisan); -- hence called, also, the feast of weeks at this festival an offering of the first fruits of the harvest was made. by the jews it was generally regarded as commemorative of the gift of the law on the fiftieth day after the departure from egypt.
2. a festival of the roman catholic and other churches in commemoration of the descent of the holy spirit on the apostles; which occurred on the day of pentecost; -- called also whitsunday.
pentecost
n
1. seventh sunday after easter; commemorates the descent of the holy spirit on the apostles; a quarter day in scotland [syn: pentecost, whitsunday]


2. (judaism) jewish holy day celebrated on the sixth of sivan to celebrate moses receiving the ten commandments [syn: shavous, shabuoth, shavuoth, shavuot, pentecost, feast of weeks ]


pentecost
i.e., "fiftieth", found only in the new testament (acts 2:1; 20:16; 1 cor. 16:8). the festival so named is first spoken of in ex. 23:16 as "the feast of harvest," and again in ex. 34:22 as "the day of the firstfruits" (num. 28:26). from the sixteenth of the month of nisan (the second day of the passover), seven complete weeks, i.e., forty-nine days, were to be reckoned, and this feast was held on the fiftieth day. the manner in which it was to be kept is described in lev. 23:15-19; num. 28:27-29. besides the sacrifices prescribed for the occasion, every one was to bring to the lord his "tribute of a free-will offering" (deut. 16:9-11). the purpose of this feast was to commemorate the completion of the grain harvest. its distinguishing feature was the offering of "two leavened loaves" made from the new corn of the completed harvest, which, with two lambs, were waved before the lord as a thank offering. the day of pentecost is noted in the christian church as the day on which the spirit descended upon the apostles, and on which, under peter's preaching, so many thousands were converted in jerusalem (acts 2).
pentecost
fiftieth

WordNet 2.0

Noun
1. seventh Sunday after Easter; commemorates the emanation of the Holy Spirit to the apostles; a quarter day in Scotland
(synonym) Whitsunday
(hypernym) quarter day
(part-holonym) Whitsun, Whitsuntide, Whitweek
2. (Judaism) Jewish holy day celebrated on the sixth of Sivan to celebrate Moses receiving the Ten Commandments
(synonym) Shavous, Shabuoth, Shavuoth, Shavuot, Feast of Weeks
(hypernym) Jewish holy day
(classification) Judaism
Pentecost Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia
Pentecost (, Pentekoste [hemera], "the fiftieth [day]") is the Greek name for the Feast of Weeks, a prominent feast in the calendar of ancient Israel celebrating the giving of the Law on Sinai. This feast is still celebrated in Judaism as Shavuot. Later, in the Christian liturgical year, it became a feast commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ, (120 in all) as described in the Acts of the Apostles 2:1–31. For this reason, Pentecost is sometimes described by some Christians today as the "Birthday of the Church."

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Pentecost Definition from Religion & Spirituality Dictionaries & Glossaries
Easton's Bible Dictionary
i.e., "fiftieth", found only in the New Testament (Acts 2:1; 20:16; 1 Cor. 16:8). The festival so named is first spoken of in Ex. 23:16 as "the feast of harvest," and again in Ex. 34:22 as "the day of the firstfruits" (Num. 28:26). From the sixteenth of the month of Nisan (the second day of the Passover), seven complete weeks, i.e., forty-nine days, were to be reckoned, and this feast was held on the fiftieth day. The manner in which it was to be kept is described in Lev. 23:15-19; Num. 28:27-29. Besides the sacrifices prescribed for the occasion, every one was to bring to the Lord his "tribute of a free-will offering" (Deut. 16:9-11). The purpose of this feast was to commemorate the completion of the grain harvest. Its distinguishing feature was the offering of "two leavened loaves" made from the new corn of the completed harvest, which, with two lambs, were waved before the Lord as a thank offering. The day of Pentecost is noted in the Christian Church as the day on which the Spirit descended upon the apostles, and on which, under Peter's preaching, so many thousands were converted in Jerusalem (Acts 2).
Smith's Bible Dictionary

that is, the fiftieth day (from a Greek word meaning fiftieth), or Harvest Feast, or Feast of Weeks, may be regarded as a supplement to the Passover. It lasted for but one day. From the sixteenth of Nisan seven weeks were reckoned inclusively, and the next or fiftieth day was the day of Pentecost, which fell on the sixth of Sivan (about the end of May). (Exodus 23:16; 34:22; Leviticus 23:15,22; Numbers 28) See Jewish calendar at the end of this volume. The Pentecost was the Jewish harvest-home, and the people were especially exhorted to rejoice before Jehovah with their families their servants, the Levite within their gates, the stranger, the fatherless and the widow in the place chosen by God for his name, as they brought a free-will offering of their hand to Jehovah their God. (16:10,11) The great feature of the celebration was the presentation of the two loaves made from the first-fruits of the wheat harvest. With the loaves two lambs were offered as a peace offering and all were waved before Jehovah and given to the priests; the leaves being leavened, could not be offered on the altar. The other sacrifices were, a burnt offering of a young bullock, two, rams and seven lambs with a meat and drink offering, and a kid for a sin offering. (Leviticus 23:18,19) Till the pentecostal leaves were offered, the produce of the harvest might not be eaten, nor could any other firstfruits be offered. The whole ceremony was the completion of that dedication of the harvest to God as its giver, and to whom both the land and the people were holy, which was begun by the offering of the wave-sheaf at the Passover. The interval is still regarded as a religious season. The Pentecost is the only one of the three great feasts which is not mentioned as the memorial of events in the history of the Jews; but such a significance has been found in the fact that the law was given from Sinai on the fiftieth day after the deliverance from Egypt. Comp. Exod 12 and 19. In the exodus the people were offered to God as living first fruits; at Sinai their consecration to him as a nation was completed. The typical significance of the Pentecost is made clear from the events of the day recorded in the Acts of the Apostles. Acts 2. Just as the appearance of God on Sinai was the birthday of the Jewish nation, so was the Pentecost the birthday of the Christian Church.
  
Smith's Bible Dictionary (1884) , by William Smith. About
Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
fiftieth
  
Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (1869) , by Roswell D. Hitchcock. About
Rakefet
Pentecost [from Greek pentekoste fiftieth day] The seven weeks, or fifty days counting inclusively, after the Hebrew Passover. First fruits of the harvest were offered, and later the day came to be regarded as commemorative of the reception of the law by the Children of Israel fifty days after the departure from Egypt. The Christian churches have taken it over and regard it as commemorative of the descent of the Holy Ghost upon the apostles in tongues of fire, as recorded in the New Testament; and they have made it the seventh Sunday after Easter