Definition of Operant behavior
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Operant behavior Definition from Social Science Dictionaries & Glossaries
Learning, Performance and Training Definitions
Behavior that is simply emitted by the organism rather than elicited by a known stimulus.Donald Clark
Operant behavior Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
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Operant conditioning (or instrumental conditioning) is a type of learning in which an individual's behavior is modified by its antecedents and consequences. Instrumental conditioning was first discovered and published by Jerzy Konorski and was also referred to as Type II reflexes. Mechanisms of instrumental conditioning suggest that the behavior may change in form, frequency, or strength. Expressions 'operant behavior' and 'respondent behavior' were popularized by B. F. Skinner who worked on reproduction of Konorski's experiments. The former refers to "an item of behavior that is initially spontaneous, rather than a response to a prior stimulus, but whose consequences may reinforce or inhibit recurrence of that behavior".
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