\flow"er\ (?), n. [oe. flour, of. flour, flur, flor, f. fleur, fr. l. flos, floris. cf. blossom, effloresce, floret, florid, florin, flour, flourish.]
1. in the popular sense, the bloom or blossom of a plant; the showy portion, usually of a different color, shape, and texture from the foliage.
2. (bot.) that part of a plant destined to produce seed, and hence including one or both of the sexual organs; an organ or combination of the organs of reproduction, whether inclosed by a circle of foliar parts or not. a complete flower consists of two essential parts, the stamens and the pistil, and two floral envelopes, the corolla and callyx. in mosses the flowers consist of a few special leaves surrounding or subtending organs called archegonia. see blossom, and corolla.
note: if we examine a common flower, such for instance as a geranium, we shall find that it consists of: first, an outer envelope or calyx, sometimes tubular, sometimes consisting of separate leaves called sepals; secondly, an inner envelope or corolla, which is generally more or less colored, and which, like the calyx, is sometimes tubular, sometimes composed of separate leaves called petals; thirdly, one or more stamens, consisting of a stalk or filament and a head or anther, in which the pollen is produced; and fourthly, a pistil, which is situated in the center of the flower, and consists generally of three principal parts; one or more compartments at the base, each containing one or more seeds; the stalk or style; and the stigma, which in many familiar instances forms a small head, at the top of the style or ovary, and to which the pollen must find its way in order to fertilize the flower. lubbock.
3. the fairest, freshest, and choicest part of anything; as, the flower of an army, or of a family; the state or time of freshness and bloom; as, the flower of life, that is, youth. the choice and flower of all things profitable the psalms do more briefly contain. the flower of the chivalry of all spain. a simple maiden in her flower is worth a hundred coats of arms.
4. grain pulverized; meal; flour. [obs.] the flowers of grains, mixed with water, will make a sort of glue.
5. pl. (old. chem.) a substance in the form of a powder, especially when condensed from sublimation; as, the flowers of sulphur.
6. a figure of speech; an ornament of style.
7. pl. (print.) ornamental type used chiefly for borders around pages, cards, etc. savage.
8. pl. menstrual discharges. xv. 24.
blue cardinal flower
peacock flower fence
old maid flower
canary bird flower
eastern pasque flower
venus`s flower basket
evening trumpet flower
western wall flower