Definition of Erbil citadel
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Erbil citadel Definition from Society & Culture Dictionaries & Glossaries
List of 100 Most Endangered Sites
Kurdish Autonomous Region, Iraq
6th millennium B.C.
Erbil has been continually inhabited for around 8,000 years. During Assyrian times (2000 to 1500 B.C.) it was a principal center of worship of the goddess Ishtar. Alexander the Great's defeat of the Persian king Darius III in 331 B.C. is among the many historic events that occurred there. Its main landmark, the citadel, perched 26 meters above the surrounding ground level, was built atop archaeological ruins from consecutive historic settlements. It has an area of 102,000 square meters and was inhabited possibly by 5000 people at one time. Up to the beginning of this century it served as a cultural and administrative center, where elegant buildings stood and prosperous families lived. Some houses have now beensubdivided and lack proper infrastructure and sanitation. Many buildings are either structurally unsound or collapsing outright. Only now has it been possible for international agencies to gain access to cultural heritage sites in Iraq. A preservation action plan is needed to call world attention to the cultural, archaeological, and historical significance of the site, now within a city inhabited by over 750,000 people.
Erbil citadel Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia
The Citadel of Arbil (Kurdish:قهڵای ههولێر Qelay Hewlêr; Arabic: قلعة أربيل) is a tell or occupied mound, and the historical city centre of Arbil in Iraq. It has been claimed that the site is the oldest continuously inhabited town in the world. Arbil citadel has been inscribed on the World Heritage List on June 21, 2014.
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