\en*dem"ic\, a. belonging or native to a particular people or country; native as distinguished from introduced or naturalized; hence, regularly or ordinarily occurring in a given region; local; as, a plant endemic in australia; -- often distinguished from exotic. the traditions of folklore from a kind of endemic symbolism. w. h. myers.
\en*de"mic\ (?), endemical \en*de"mic*al\ (?), ] a. [gr. &?;, &?;; &?; + &?; the people: cf. f. endémique.] (med.) peculiar to a district or particular locality, or class of persons; as, an endemic disease.
note: an endemic disease is one which is constantly present to a greater or less degree in any place, as distinguished from an epidemic disease, which prevails widely at some one time, or periodically, and from a sporadic disease, of which a few instances occur now and then.
\en*dem"ic\, n. (med.) an endemic disease. fear, which is an endemic latent in every human heart, sometimes rises into an epidemic. b. heard.
1. (of disease or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality; "diseases endemic to the tropics"; "endemic malaria"; "food shortages and starvation are endemic in certain parts of the world" [ant: epidemic]
2. (ecology) native to or confined to a certain region; "the islands have a number of interesting endemic species" [ant: cosmopolitan]
3. originating where it is found; "the autochthonal fauna of australia includes the kangaroo"; "autochthonous rocks and people and folktales"; "endemic folkways"; "the ainu are indigenous to the northernmost islands of japan" [syn: autochthonal, autochthonic, autochthonous, indigenous]
n : a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location [syn: endemic disease]