Definition of B'nai mitzvah
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B'nai mitzvah Definition from Encyclopedia Dictionaries & Glossaries
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Bar Mitzvah (plural: B'nai Mitzvah) and Bat Mitzvah (plural: B'not Mitzvah) are Jewish coming of age rituals. Bar (בר) is a Jewish Babylonian Aramaic word literally meaning son (ben (בן) in Hebrew), bat (בת) is Hebrew for daughter, and mitzvah (מצוה) is a commandment and a law. While this literally translates to "son of commandment" or "daughter of commandment", the rabbinical phrase "bar" means "under the category of" or "subject to". "Bar mitzvah" therefore translates to "an [agent] who is subject to the law".
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