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Armenia; (country lying north of Persia)
Armenian; [~ prunum => apricot]
n : a republic in southwestern asia; formerly an asian soviet; throughout 2500 years the armenian people have been invaded and oppressed by their neighbors [syn: armenia, republic of armenia, hayastan]
high land, occurs only in authorized version, 2 kings 19:37; in revised version, "ararat," which is the hebrew word. a country in western asia lying between the caspian and the black sea. here the ark of noah rested after the deluge (gen. 8:4). it is for the most part high table-land, and is watered by the aras, the kur, the euphrates, and the tigris. ararat was properly the name of a part of ancient armenia. three provinces of armenia are mentioned in jer. 51:27, ararat, minni, and ashchenaz. some, however, think minni a contraction for armenia. (see ararat.)
republic of armenia
1. a landlocked republic in southwestern Asia; formerly an Asian soviet; modern Armenia is but a fragment of ancient Armenia which was one of the world's oldest civilizations; throughout 2500 years the Armenian people have been invaded and oppressed by their neighbors
(synonym) Republic of Armenia, Hayastan
(hypernym) Asian country, Asian nation
(member-holonym) Commonwealth of Independent States, CIS
(part-meronym) Armenian Church, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox Church
(class) Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia, ASALA, Orly Group, 3rd October Organization
Flag of Armenia
Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. It was incorporated into Russia in 1828 and the USSR in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Muslim Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey imposed an economic blockade on Armenia and closed the common border because of the Armenian occupation of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas.
Map of Armenia
More about Armenia:
AM (ISO 3166),
ARM (ISO 3166),
AM (FIPS 10-4)
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(land of Aram) is nowhere mentioned under that name in the original Hebrew, though it occurs in the English version, (2 Kings 19:37) for Ararat. Description.-Armenia is that lofty plateau whence the rivers Euphrates, Tigris, Araxes and Acampsis pour down their waters in different directions; the first two to the Persian Gulf, the last two respectively to the Caspian and Euxine seas. It may be termed the nucleus of the mountain system of western Asia. From the centre of the plateau rise two lofty chains of mountains, which run from east to west. Divisions.-Three districts are mentioned in the Bible. (1) ARARAT is mentioned as the place whither the sons of Sennacherib fled. (Isaiah 37:38) It was the central district, surrounding the mountain of that name. (2) Minni only occurs in (Jeremiah 51:27) It is probably identical with the district Minyas, in the upper valley of the Murad-su branch of the Euphrates. (3) Togarmah is noticed in two passages of (Ezekiel 27:14; 38:6) both of which are in favor of its identity with Armenia. Present condition.-The Armenians, numbering about two millions, are nominally Christians. About half of them live in Armenia. Their favorite pursuit is commerce. The country is divided, as to government, between Russia, Turkey and Persia.-ED.