An ancient name of England, still retained in poetry.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About
hEnglish - advanced version
albion \al"bi*on\ (&?;), n. [prob. from the same root as gael. alp a height or hill. "it may have been bestowed on the land lying behind the white cliffs visible from the coast of gaul. albany, the old name of scotland, means probably the "hilly land." taylor.] an ancient name of england, still retained in poetry. in that nook-shotten isle of albion.
Albion is the oldest known name of the island of Great Britain. Today, it is still sometimes used poetically to refer to the island. The name for Scotland in the Celtic languages is related to Albion: Alba in Scottish Gaelic, Albain in Irish, Nalbin in Manx and Alban in Welsh, Cornish and Breton. These names were later Latinised as Albania and Anglicised as Albany, which were once alternative names for Scotland. New Albion and Albionoria ("Albion of the North") were briefly suggested as possible names of Canada during the period of the Canadian Confederation.